Can't reach mysql pod via cluster ip but internal pod ip works

Hi,
I am trying to create a nodejs application to connect to a mysql database. The mysql database comes from a public repository. Both components run on pods on a minikube cluster.

I followed the tutorial on the microservices chapter however is not able to get the above working. I just cannot connect to the mysql pod using cluster ip.

This is the error I get from the nodejs application. Could you advise if anything I did incorrectly? Thanks.

/home/ddl/nodejs/app.js:19
if(err) throw err;
^

Error: connect ECONNREFUSED 10.107.157.35:3306
at TCPConnectWrap.afterConnect [as oncomplete] (net.js:1144:16)
--------------------
at Protocol._enqueue (/home/ddl/nodejs/node_modules/mysql/lib/protocol/Protocol.js:144:48)
at Protocol.handshake (/home/ddl/nodejs/node_modules/mysql/lib/protocol/Protocol.js:51:23)
at Connection.connect (/home/ddl/nodejs/node_modules/mysql/lib/Connection.js:116:18)
at Object. (/home/ddl/nodejs/app.js:18:6)
at Module._compile (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:999:30)
at Object.Module._extensions…js (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:1027:10)
at Module.load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:863:32)
at Function.Module._load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:708:14)
at Function.executeUserEntryPoint [as runMain] (internal/modules/run_main.js:60:12)
at internal/main/run_main_module.js:17:47 {
errno: ‘ECONNREFUSED’,
code: ‘ECONNREFUSED’,
syscall: ‘connect’,
address: ‘10.107.157.35’,
port: 3306,
fatal: true
}

ddl:Service ddl$ kubectl get pod -o wide
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE IP NODE NOMINATED NODE READINESS GATES
mysql 1/1 Running 0 94m 172.17.0.3 minikube
nodejs 0/1 CrashLoopBackOff 14 49m 172.17.0.4 minikube

ddl:Service ddl$ kubectl describe svc db
Name: db
Namespace: default
Labels: app=webapps
name=mysql-service
Annotations:
Selector: app=webapps,name=mysql-pod
Type: ClusterIP
IP: 10.107.157.35
Port: mysql-def 3306/TCP
TargetPort: 3306/TCP
Endpoints:
Port: mysql-1 33060/TCP
TargetPort: 33060/TCP
Endpoints:
Port: mysql-2 33061/TCP
TargetPort: 33061/TCP
Endpoints:
Session Affinity: None
Events:

ddl:Service ddl$ kubectl describe pod mysql
Name: mysql
Namespace: default
Priority: 0
Node: minikube/192.168.99.101
Start Time: Fri, 04 Dec 2020 14:01:15 +0800
Labels: app=webapps
name=mysql
Annotations:
Status: Running
IP: 172.17.0.3
IPs:
IP: 172.17.0.3
Containers:
database:
Container ID: docker://c825b6ddc33c40305da6d43d927c6461f87063cd3097f08a335256477a9f3f14
Image: mysql/mysql-server
Image ID: docker-pullable://mysql/mysql-server@sha256:5dfceab2e53e7dac983168c5f5d611d9d8e85c3bee7297c24c931d77fbeeaac3
Port: 3306/TCP
Host Port: 0/TCP
State: Running
Started: Fri, 04 Dec 2020 14:01:21 +0800
Ready: True
Restart Count: 0
Environment:
Mounts:
/var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount from default-token-tkkp6 (ro)
Conditions:
Type Status
Initialized True
Ready True
ContainersReady True
PodScheduled True
Volumes:
default-token-tkkp6:
Type: Secret (a volume populated by a Secret)
SecretName: default-token-tkkp6
Optional: false
QoS Class: BestEffort
Node-Selectors:
Tolerations: node.kubernetes.io/not-ready:NoExecute op=Exists for 300s
node.kubernetes.io/unreachable:NoExecute op=Exists for 300s
Events:

From within the database pod, I can connect into the database via mysql using the pod internal IP but not the cluster IP.

bash-4.2# mysql -h 172.17.0.3 -umysqluser -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 16
Server version: 8.0.22 MySQL Community Server - GPL

Copyright © 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type ‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.

mysql>

bash-4.2# mysql -h 10.107.157.35 -umysqluser -p
Enter password:
ERROR 2003 (HY000): Can’t connect to MySQL server on ‘10.107.157.35’ (111)

Cluster information:

Kubernetes version: minikube version: v1.15.1
Cloud being used: bare-metal
Installation method:
Host OS: MAC OS X
CNI and version:
CRI and version:

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